عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The purpose of this paper is to examine the power, ideology and hegemony in Hafez's poem in three levels of description, interpretation and explanation using the theory of critical discourse analysis. This article argues that Hafez's poetry is a mystical discourse that attempts to neutralize dominant discourses. Hafez's mysticism, through the use of language, rhetorical and semantic tricks, challenges the hegemonic institutions and institutionalize another discourse within the context of culture; in fact, Hafez's poem, by showing this controversy, has created a new cultural ability. At the end this article concludes that Hafez, through its special mystical framework, challenges the hegemonic institutions of Sufism and Shariah, and move contrary to hegemony. Therefore, it can be said that the Hafez mystical system has been formed on the basis of a political, social and moral reaction. This article has been done by analytical and descriptive method.