عنوان مقاله [English]
Shah Dai Shirazi is one of mystic poets and missionaries of Ibn Arabi’ existence unity thought and has written several works including verse and prose. One of his verses is “seteye Shah Dai”. The masnavi “Mashahed” is the first prose of his sextet masnavis in which the poet, considering his thought inclination, has composed in “seven Mashhad”: request, abstraction, verve, exploration, knowledge, truth, and monotheism. Since no study had been done concerning this masnavi, the present research has introduced this work and studied one of important mystic issues e.g. “knowledge” and its ranks and elements in this Masnavi using analytic- descriptive method. This study indicated that following Ibn Arabi and impressive reflection of his ontological thought in title and structure of the work particularly words, terms frequency, and the content are notable. According to Shah Dai’s thought, knowledge possesses ranks and degrees. Knowledge of self, knowledge of existence, and knowledge of God are important elements of knowledge in masnavi Mashahed. Shah Dai argues that knowledge of human is related to ontology and these two lead to knowledge of God. The finding is that knowledge of God is not possible for mystic due to refusing independence and the mystic can reach “monotheism” stage thinking about manifestations of divine names and traits using exploration and intuition.